Four top-notch news guys died this fall. Their individual styles of journalism could not have been more different, and yet they were alike in their dedication to keeping audiences informed and entertained.
They touched us all, but for me, each had a special connection.
Tom Wicker was more than a great reporter, he was a progressive thinker who dared tread close to the line that separates impartial journalism from outright activism — at a time when it was far less common than it is today. During his three-decade career at The New York Times that ended in 1991, he was a powerful voice in civil rights and anti-war movements, speaking from a perch that gave him clout with presidents as well as millions of Americans.
In 1971, after writing about unacceptable prison conditions nationwide, Wicker found himself part of the story at Attica prison in upstate New York. He agreed to join a negotiating team during an uprising inmates, and wound up watching in horror as 29 prisoners and 10 hostages died in an assault state troopers and guards.
Wicker wrote "A Time to Die" about his experience, and many believe it was the best of his 20 books. Ten years later, it was made into a movie ABC. The Times assigned me to interview Wicker and the filmmakers to find out why the movie was relatively soft, while the book was so hard-hitting.
Wicker explained that, in print, "I was able to [present] a number of things involving the problems of criminal justice in America, racism and violence in America." Film, he told me, "doesn't work very well that way." Tom Wicker was a print guy all right, at a time when that was the most important thing a journalist could be.
Andy Rooney not only entertained us, he made us think — not about big, complicated matters, but about little things that knit to form our lives.
"Curmudgeon" was a word several writers used to describe him. Having been his neighbor in Connecticut, I can confirm that he was as grouchy at the hardware store as he was on "60 Minutes."
What intrigued me most about Rooney was his ability to notice things in life that many of us tend to overlook, and his relentless pursuit of society's peccadilloes. Andy Rooney was the type of journalist who had the canny ability to make us think while also making us smile.
Hal Bruno was not a household name, but as chief of political coverage for ABC News, where I worked for five years, he helped develop the type of analysis and numbers-crunching that we now take for granted.
He moderated several notable debates, including the vice presidential confrontation between Al Gore and Dan Quayle. Unlike today's televised debates in which moderators increasingly seek to egg on candidates with gotcha questions, Hal Bruno was a master of the low-key, studious approach aimed at eliciting great answers rather than just good TV.
Bil Keane's work appeared in the comic section, but it managed to trigger our emotions as much as anything on the front page. "The Family Circus," a simple panel with parents and kids who haven't aged a bit since its debut in 1959, remains a staple in more than 1,500 newspapers.
It's schmaltzy yet real, as when little Jeffy asks his mother, "Can I wear my short-sleeve pants?" Or when Billy exclaims, "Mom's cooking my favorite dinner. It's called leftovers."
I never met Bil Keane, but often felt he was part of my family. In the sixties, he drew a comic panel called "Channel Chuckles," for which his favorite subject seemed to be my father's program, "Candid Camera." As always, the humor was pointed, yet kind.
Bil Keane's real-life son, Jeff, has been helping with "Family Circus" for some time, so the institution will continue — a passing of the media torch with which I'm familiar.
Taken together, the work of these four men provides a good picture of what great journalism can be, regardless of the form it takes or the era in which it is practiced.
Peter Funt is a writer and public speaker. He is also the long-time host of "Candid Camera." He can be reached at www.CandidCamera.com. Peter Funt's columns are distributed exclusively Cagle Cartoons, Inc., newspaper syndicate.